Diseases & Diagnoses
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The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved amifampridine (Ruzurgi; Jacobus Pharmaceutical Company, Princeton, NJ) for treating Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome (LEMS) in patients age 6 to 17 years. This is the first FDA approval of a therapy specifically for pediatric patients with LEMS, a rare autoimmune neuromuscular junction disorder. Use of amifampridine in pediatric patients is supported by clinical studies in adults with LEMS, pharmacokinetic data in adult patients, pharmacokinetic modeling and simulation to identify the dosing regimen in pediatric...
The nasally administered benzodiazepine spray midazolam (Nayzilam; UCB, Smyrna, GA) has been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for acute treatment of frequent seizure activity in people age 12 and up with epilepsy. The nasal spray is a single-use treatment that can be administered when a seizure cluster occurs. Midazolam is the first new medication approved for treating seizure clusters in more than 20 years in the US. In a randomized double-blind clinical trial (NCT01390220), a statistically significant higher proportion of seizure episodes treated with midazolam (n = 134)...
Diroximel fumarate (DRF)(ALKS8700, BIIB098; Alkermes, Waltham, MA and Biogen, Cambridge, MA) is an oral fumarate in development for treatment of multiple sclerosis (MS). Like dimethyl fumarate (DMF) (Tecfidera; Biogen, Cambridge, MA), DRF is a prodrug that is converted to monomethyl fumarate. The unique chemical structure of DRF, however, creates potential for similar efficacy with better gastrointestinal tolerability; this is supported by interim data from week 48 of a 96-week open-label safety study (NCT02634307) presented at the American Academy of Neurology May 4-10 in Philadelphia,...
Mary Motwani, PhD; and Deena Kuruvilla, MD
Saif A. Bushnaq, MD; and Sunil A. Sheth, MD
Regina Krel, MD; and Paul G. Mathew, MD, DNBPAS, FAAN, FAHS