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Treatment with inebilizumab (VielaBio, Gaithersburg, MD) reduced relapses of neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) by 77% after 28 weeks of treatment. Response to treatment with inebilizumab for NMOSD was safe and effective such that the trial was terminated early as it was deemed unethical not to treat participants in the placebo arm of a phase 3 trial (NCT02200770). After this judgement was made, all participants in the placebo arm began receiving inebilizumab on an open-label extension basis. Treatment with inebilizumab also reduced worsening from baseline score on...
Results from multiple trials of SMN1gene-replacement therapy (Zolgensma; Avexis, Bannockburn, IL) show promise for single-dose treatment of spinal muscular atrophy (SMA). In the STRIVE phase 3 study for treatment of spinal muscular atrophy, 22 infants under age 6 months, diagnosed genetically (biallelic SMN1 mutations/deletions, 2 SMN2 copies), were treated. Of the 15 babies treated more than 13.6 months or who discontinued the study before then, 13 (87%) survived without needing permanent ventilation, in contrast to the 25-50% survival rate for children with SMA when untreated....
Diroximel fumarate (DRF)(ALKS8700, BIIB098; Alkermes, Waltham, MA and Biogen, Cambridge, MA) is an oral fumarate in development for treatment of multiple sclerosis (MS). Like dimethyl fumarate (DMF) (Tecfidera; Biogen, Cambridge, MA), DRF is a prodrug that is converted to monomethyl fumarate. The unique chemical structure of DRF, however, creates potential for similar efficacy with better gastrointestinal tolerability; this is supported by interim data from week 48 of a 96-week open-label safety study (NCT02634307) presented at the American Academy of Neurology May 4-10 in Philadelphia,...
Ronald Devere, MD, FAAN
Regina Krel, MD; and Paul G. Mathew, MD, DNBPAS, FAAN, FAHS
Cynthia E. Armand, MD; Alina Masters-Israilov, MD; and Richard B. Lipton, MD